Her straightforward yet compassionate approach to these issues captivated audiences. Life Story: Elizabeth Cochrane, aka Nellie Bly (1864-1922), Women & The American Story, New-York Historical Society Library and Museum. His farm, mill, and the surrounding area became known as "Cochran's Mill" (part of a suburb of Pittsburgh). Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree. By Barbara Maranzani Updated: Nov 12, 2020. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. READ MORE: Inside Nellie Blys 10 Days in a Madhouse. [citation needed] Julia Duffy appeared as Bly in the July 10, 1983 Voyagers! She was one of 15 children. She married millionaire Robert Seaman in 1895, but after his death she suffered financial reverses, and she returned to newspaper work on the New York Journal in 1920. [8], As a young girl, Elizabeth often was called "Pinky" because she so frequently wore that color. Lutes, Jean Marie. From France she went to Italy and Egypt, through South Asia to Singapore and Japan, then to San Francisco and back to New York. (June 2002) 217-253. A steam tug named after Bly served as a fireboat in Toronto, Ontario, Canada. A number of positive changes were made after the release of the book. [56], Bly was also a subject of Season 2 Episode 5 of The West Wing in which First Lady Abbey Bartlet dedicates a memorial in Pennsylvania in honor of Nellie Bly and convinces the president to mention her and other female historic figures during his weekly radio address. Though most of her works were based on throwing light at the appalling condition of women in the society, and the need to uplift them, she is best remembered for her work on an asylum expos in 1887 in which she faked insanity to get into a mental asylum and reported about the horrific condition of the mental patients. Nellie Blys Book: Around the World in Seventy-two Days (1890) was a great popular success, and the name Nellie Bly became a synonym for a female star reporter. One can only speculate what further triumphs and good deeds this remarkable woman might have achieved if only she lived a few years longer. How many siblings did Dorothy Height have? 1. The editor, Joseph Pulitzer, declined that story, but he challenged Bly to investigate one of New Yorks most notorious mental asylums, Blackwells Island. (New York, N.Y.), 14 Nov. 1889. This lesson will teach you about Nellie Bly, her adventures, her inventions, and why she wrote under a fake name! She also prioritized the welfare of the employees, providing health care benefits and recreational facilities. Nellie Bly was an unwavering advocate for social change, a journalistic dynamo, and a force of nature. How many siblings did Coretta Scott King have? Kroeger, Brooke. She is often confused with the journalist Nellie Bly (1864-1922). Though New York World continuously covered her travel diaries, it was later in 1890 that Bly published a book about the experience, titling it Around the World in 72 Days. She stayed up all night to give herself the wide-eyed look of a disturbed woman and began making accusations that the other boarders were insane. How many siblings did Louisa May Alcott have? Elizabeths report about Blackwells Island earned her a permanent position as an investigative journalist for the World. Feb. 1, 2000; Accessed April 27, 2022. https://doi.org/10.1093/anb/9780198606697.article.1601472. While in charge of the company, Bly put her social reforms into action and Iron Clad employees enjoyed several perks unheard of at the time, including fitness gyms, libraries and healthcare. She met Jules Verne at his home in France. The newspapers editor, George A. Madden, was so impressed with the letter that he published a note asking the Lonely Orphan Girl to reveal her name. Bly looked for work to help support her family, but found fewer opportunities than her less-educated brothers. The town was founded by her father, Judge Michael Cochran. How many siblings did Warren G. Harding have? Thought lost, these novels were not collected in book form until their re-discovery in 2021.[75]. The story of Nellie Bly, the pen name of a young reporter named Elizabeth Cochran, has been told and retold ever since she burst onto the scene in 1887. Her reporting not only raised awareness about mental health treatment and led to improvements in institutional conditions, it also ushered in an age of investigative journalism. What might she have been able to do that men could not? She used the pen name Nellie Bly, which she took from a well-known song at the time, Nelly Bly. Bly was a popular columnist, but she was limited to writing pieces that only addressed women and soon quit in dissatisfaction. Elizabeth Cochran Seaman (born Elizabeth Jane Cochran; May 5, 1864 - January 27, 1922), better known by her pen name Nellie Bly, was an American journalist, who was widely known for her record-breaking trip around the world in 72 days, in emulation of Jules Verne 's fictional character Phileas Fogg, and an expos in which she worked undercover to Bly told the assistant matron: "There are so many crazy people about, and one can never tell what they will do. . Shortly after her first article was published, Elizabeth changed her pseudonym from Lonely Orphan Girl to Nellie Bly, after a popular song. She was six years old when her beloved father died without warning, and without a will, plunging his once wealthy and respected family into poverty and shame. Now Nellie Bly is getting her due., Eighty Days: Nellie Bly and Elizabeth Bisland's History-Making Race Around the World. Madden offered her an opportunity to write another column, and after she submitted her column on how divorce affects women, he hired her for the newspaper (giving her the pseudonym Nellie Bly). Elizabeths boss did not want to anger Pittsburghs elite and quickly reassigned her as a society columnist. How many children did Coretta Scott King have? There have been claims that Bly invented the barrel,[35] but the inventor was registered as Henry Wehrhahn (U.S. On May 5, 2015, the Google search engine produced an interactive "Google Doodle" for Bly; for the "Google Doodle" Karen O wrote, composed, and recorded an original song about Bly, and Katy Wu created an animation set to Karen O's music. Bly crafted a fiery rebuttal that grabbed the attention of the paper's managing editor, George Madden, who, in turn, offered her a position. Omissions? Combine Elizabeth Cochranes life story with the life stories of, Connect Elizabeth Cochranes work to that of fellow muckraker, Elizabeth Cochrane was one of many Americans who fought to eradicate what she perceived as the evils of modern life. After the company suffered losses from embezzlement, Bly returned to journalism and reported from Europe during World War I. Elizabeth marched into the Dispatch offices and introduced herself. How many siblings did Sojourner Truth have? Bly was born Elizabeth Jane Cochran (she later added an "e" to the end of her name) on May 5, 1864, in Cochran's Mills, Pennsylvania. Between 1889 and 1895, Nellie Bly also penned twelve novels for The New York Family Story Paper. How many siblings did Angelina Grimke have? Writing for a newspaper wasn't considered "ladylike," and a fake name provided a veil of respectability between writer and public. How many children did Catherine of Aragon have? [28] Bly's journey was a world record, though it only stood for a few months, until George Francis Train completed the journey in 67 days.[31]. One of Bly's earliest assignments was to author a piece detailing the experiences endured by patients of the infamous mental institution on Blackwell's Island (now Roosevelt Island) in New York City. With an attempt to break the faux record of the character of Phileas Fogg, Bly began her 24, 899 mile journey on November 14, 1889, boarding the Augusta Victoria. .css-m6thd4{-webkit-text-decoration:none;text-decoration:none;display:block;margin-top:0;margin-bottom:0;font-family:Gilroy,Helvetica,Arial,Sans-serif;font-size:1.125rem;line-height:1.2;font-weight:bold;color:#323232;text-transform:capitalize;}@media (any-hover: hover){.css-m6thd4:hover{color:link-hover;}}Who Is Dilbert Cartoonist Scott Adams? Within her lifetime, Nellie Bly published three non-fiction books (compilations of her newspaper reportage) and one novel in book form. She was satisfied to know that her work led to change. Full_Name: Elizabeth Jane Cochran. MLA Norwood, Arlisha and Mariana Brandman. Ten Days in a Mad-House is a book by American journalist Nellie Bly. Male 4 November 1848-29 June 1903 LHVT-N79. The second-season episode "New York City" featured her undercover exploits in the Blackwell's Island asylum,[58] while the third-season episode "Journalism" retold the story of her race around the world against Elizabeth Bisland.[59]. It was one of the few things that helped set her apart from her 14 siblings. Her real name was Elizabeth Jane Cochrane; Nellie Bly was her pen name and the name under which she is most well-known. Nellie Bly became a star journalist by going undercover as a patient at a New York City mental health asylum in 1887 and exposing its terrible conditions in the New York World. Smithsonian Institute Archives Image # SIA 2010-1509. How many siblings did Emmeline Pankhurst have? Jarena Lee, 1849. Once examined by a police officer, a judge, and a doctor, Bly was taken to Blackwell's Island. Bly suffered a tragic loss in 1870, at the age of six, when her father died suddenly. In early 2019, Lifetime released a thriller based on Bly's experience as an undercover reporter in a women's mental ward. "Bly, Nellie (1864-1922), reporter and manufacturer. Her plan was to graduate and find a position as a teacher. In 1885, Elizabeth read an article in the Pittsburgh Dispatch that argued a womans place was in the home, to be a helpmate to a man. She strongly disagreed with this opinion and sent an angry letter to the editor anonymously signed Lonely Orphan Girl.. July 28, 2019. https://www.washingtonpost.com/history/2019/07/28/she-went-undercover-expose-an-insane-asylums-horrors-now-nellie-bly-is-getting-her-due/. Chronicling America: Historic American Newspapers. In 1904, when her husband died, Bly took over the reign of the company. Elizabeths investigations brought attention to inequalities and often motivated others to take action. The first chapters of Eva The Adventuress, based on the real-life trial of Eva Hamilton, appeared in print before Bly returned to New York. In 1887, at age 23, reporter Nellie Bly, working for Joseph Pulitzer, feigns mental illness to go undercover in notorious Blackwell's Island a woman's insane asylum to expose corruption, abuse and murder. soulcker mp3 player how to add music,